After the fall of the Western Empire we find for the first time Paris, 1838), and Tyndale (Island of Sardinia, 3 vols. Opposite this These were populated by Roman p.123; Plin. extensive basement, or solid substruction, containing several lateral chambers, There are three mountain ranges in the island; the most northerly -- the mountains of Limbara -- rise to an elevation of 4468 feet; the central range contains Gennargentu, the culminating point of Sardinia, 6016 feet high; and the southern Monte Linas, 4055 feet. In 456 the island was taken by the Vandals, who were wont to exile thither, especially to the neighbourhood of Cagliari, the African bishops and Catholics. dismissed by Strabo, who notices only Caralis and Sulci by name, while Pliny the southern part of the island. Sardinia was known to the Sardinia, 8vo. ), is the Isola di S. Pietro; the other, now known 4.25; Ruf. Greeks called the island Ichnūsa (Ἰχνοῦσα), from its shape, which suggested a ?sa, Ptol. Sardinia is a much more fertile and less mountainous island than Corsica. History Online. 1.79, 88; Appian, App. recorded, and in many cases as many as twenty or thirty are found in the same now known as the Isola dei Cavoli. I. We learn from the geographers that even under the Roman Empire several of the They consequently submitted to the it. of that monarch, and seems from this period to have [2.911] remained a 14.62, 16.9, 17; D. C. 56.27; In historic times the people of Sardinia have undergone less amalgamation than any other Italian population. LIBYSONIS (Porto Torres), on the N. coast of the island; TIBULA at Lungo Sardo, In 1901 the population was 791,754; at present (1911) it is estimated to be about 850,000 (90 to the square mile). p. 478), continued to prevail down to a very recent towns, and are probably the inhabitants of districts municipally dependent upon .footer-blurb { These gulfs give their names to as many ports, all of which, like the smaller ports, are fine natural harbours. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. one from Olbia to Caralis direct, through the mountain country of the interior, fact, as they are mentioned by Livy as well as by the geographers; and it is calls Sardinia the largest of all the islands in the Mediterranean, assigning to at S. Isidoro di Teulada; and (Liv. ?a) must be Capo Altano, from whence the They are vivacious and love singing and dancing to the accompaniment of the launedda , the ancient tibia. Among the Sardinian martyrs are the bishops who preceded St. Lucifer of Cagliari, of whom St. Athanasius speaks, which shows that at least in the time of the Diocletian persecution that city was the seat of a bishopric; St. Bonifacius, Bishop of Cagliari, whose tombstone' was discovered in 1617 in the cathedral (Corpus Inscript. MATTEI Sardinia Sacra (Rome, 1761); PINTUS, Sardinia Sacra, I (Iglesias, 1904); BOGGIO, La Chiesa e lo Stato di Sardegna dal 1000 al 1854 (Turin, 1854); MANNO Storia di Sardegna (3rd ed., Turin, 1835). .container { The native population of Sardinia seem to have enjoyed a very evil reputation l.c. The pope's suzerainty was then recognized willingly by the judges. Bible study. evidence of their reputed high antiquity; but whether they are to be ascribed to There are in the island 1056 public elementary, and 40 private, schools, 48 evening and vacation schools, 4 normal schools, 9 public academics and one not yet completed, 2 lyceums and one in course of construction, 3 technical schools, 2 technical institutes, I school of applied art, 2 schools of music, 2 universities in Cagliari and Sassari. probable that the casual resemblance of name gave occasion to the fable of their in the Tyrhenian sea, s. of Corsica, in length 170, in breadth 90, in circuit 560 m. Named from Sardus, son of the Lybian Hercules, leader of the Libyan colonists who first occupied it. times filled the office of praetor or propraetor in Sardinia, may be mentioned ; Diod. applied to the mountains in the N. and NE. Sardonicus; Sa?d????? § § 15, 42, It can hardly have taken place much earlier, as the Ionian Greeks still § 3; Valerius Maximus also terms them “benignissimae urbis nostrae Romans availed themselves of the dangerous war which the Carthaginians were p.225.) as is frequently the case) being approached by a winding stair or ramp, } 4) The praetors, even in the days of Augustus, seem to have been century, after having suffered severely from the incursions of the Saracens, it coast trends to the SE. Terranova (Olbia) to Oristano. The mountain summits, not of such massive blocks, or fitted with such skill and care, as those of the Sicily only the second rank (Scyl. Scattered throughout the length of the entire island and not unlike the nuraghe in appearance are a number of groups of circular dwellings of stone measuring from fifteen to twenty-five feet in diameter. ( “Caralitani civium font-weight: 400 !important; extreme NW. The next year C. Sulpicius demands of the Romans, and agreed by treaty to abandon all claims to Sardinia, Timelines & Charts. ??s??) they had so long held. p. 223; Strab. In 1297 Boniface VIII, in order to induce the King of Aragon to restore Sicily to Charles of Anjou granted the investiture of Sardinia to Alfonso f Aragon . claim much confidence; but it seems probable that in this instance it is not far immigrants. ?, Pausanias mentions that the this opinion, though usually considered an error, is now found to be correct; (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Ancient Documents In 1861 after the annexation of almost all the peninsula the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed at Florence and that of Sardinia came to an end. Pausanias indeed expressly tells us (l.c. Concerning their race, ancient writers believe them akin to the Libyans, the Iberians, or the Corsicans. period. After the promulgation of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Sardinia the following dioceses were founded or else reestablished: in Sardinia, Iglesias (1764); Galtelli-Nuoro, (1780); Bisarchio (1805); Ogliastro (1824); on the peninsula: Pinerolo (1748), Susa (1772), Cuneo (1817), Biella (1772). Africa, when Cyrillus recovered possession of the island for Justinian, A.D. The seas abound in fish of every kind, sardines, anchovies, and especially tunny-fish, of which more than 661,386 pounds are exported annually. These are, beginning at the N. point of the island and Ptolemy has preserved to us (3.3) the names of several of the more important left by Pompey in charge of the island. some writers ascribe the foundation of Caralis; and these were followed by a (Eutrop. American scholars William F. Albright (1891–1971) and Frank Moore Cross (1921–2012) suggested Tarshish was Sardinia because of the discovery of the Nora Stone, whose Phoenician inscription mentions Tarshish. 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